Sudan

Situation Report

Highlights

  • Humanitarian partners continue to assist people affected by inter-communal violence in West Darfur
  • Aid agencies scale up the delivery of aid to 4,800 newly displaced people in Abyei town
  • Some 6,000 vulnerable IDPs in Central/North Jebel Marra locality, Central Darfur receive food and nutrition assistance.
  • An estimated 14,000 people affected by violence in El Geneina have reportedly crossed into neighbouring Chad.
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Sudan

Situation Report

Key Figures

245,700
People affected by floods
15
States affected by floods (HAC & partners)
41,700
People displaced in West Darfur

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Situation Report

Funding

$1.1B
Required
$608.3M
Received
53%
Progress
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Contacts

Paola Emerson

Head of Office

Mary Keller

Head, Monitoring and Reporting

Sudan

Situation Report

Sector Status

Food Security and Livelihood

24,450
provided with rations for 15 days

Needs

Emergency food.

Response

Ration to feed 24,450 people for 15 days. Includes emergency blanket supplementary feeding supplies for 6,800 children under 5 years and pregnant and nursing mothers. WFP is currently planning to undertake the next distribution in the coming week. 

Gaps

Need to complete distribution in all sites following the assessment.  IDPs have limited fuel (gas, firewood). 

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Health

15
emergency health kits delivered

Needs

Expansion of the emergency and reproductive health services.  

Response

14 health facilities and 44 delivery points currently being supported by partners.  El Geneina hospital received malaria kits, and 15 inter-agency emergency health kits (IEHK)—each kit can cover the health needs of 10,000 people for three months. Health messages being carried out, as well as individual counselling. Reproductive health kits for 3,200 women are in Geneina town to be distributed.SMoH has deployed community midwives in 40 locations. In addition, approximately 3,500 dignity kits will be distributed to women and girls of reproductive health age. Response to affected villages outside of El Geneina town is being discussed.  

Gaps

Health supplies for children under 5. 

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Shelter and Non-food items

4,572
families supplied with NFIs

Needs

NFIs kits and temporary shelter/ partition materials. 

Response

Supported some 4,572 families with blankets, sleeping mats and jerry cans across the 38 collective points in El Geneina town. Distributions are currently on-going to close the urgent life-saving needs/Partners  also mobilized resources and staff to support response especially for long-term shelter solutions once affected people, currently taking refuge in schools and other government buildings, relocate to more appropriate sites or locations. Sector partners also plan to provide services in affected villages in the vicinity to El Geneina town.Partners are distributing warm clothing (though not part of S/NFI paupeline). Clothing also part of dignity kits.(Mosquito nets dist. By WASH sector) 

Gaps

No gaps.

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Sudan

Situation Report

Sector Status

Nutrition

700
cartons of RUTFs delivered

Needs

Mass MUAC Screening and expanding the current provided nutritional support to children and pregnant and lactating mothers.

Response

Provision 700 cartons of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). Distribution of emergency blanket supplementary feeding supplies for 6,847 children under 5 years and pregnant and nursing mothers. Also providing nutritional support to children and pregnant and nursing mothers. WFP—who had been providing nutritional services in Krinding IDP camp—will continue this support for the Krinding IDPs.

Gaps

No gaps.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

WASH

16,000
people provided with water per day
1,980
people reached with improved sanitation

Needs

Provision of water and sanitation facilities in displacement sites. Improve water and sanitation infrastructure in origin camps 

Response

Estimated 16,000 people provided with water per day. Water chlorination is ongoing at water storage points at the gathering sites. 1,980 people have been reached with improved sanitation.  Hygiene messaging ongoing.Some 17,000 people receiving support 187 hygiene kits distributed alongside soap etc; benefitting 16,950 people. Collapsed boreholes/broken hand pumps to be repaired in Krinding. Distribution of mosquito nets ongoing. 

Gaps

No gaps

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Sudan

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Protection

109
separated and unaccompanied children

Needs

SGGBV cases; 109 separated and unaccompanied children; 9 missing children; Psychosocial support; physical security and GBV risks; land occupation related issues.

Response

Psychologists and social workers are deployed; social workers were deployed at the gathering sites to sensitize the IDPs on GBV. About 3,000 dignity kits have been distributed. Protection Monitoring ongoing Partners are supporting the youth initiative for support and reunification of children to establish five centres to serve 23 IDP gathering sites. A gender-based violence (GBV) coordinator to El Geneina to ensure that the key needs of women and girls, especially those pregnant, are met. Social workers are deployed at the gathering sites to sensitize the IDPs on GBV. The designated confidential corner for treatment of rape survivors in El Genenia teaching hospital is active and has been stocked with required medication.

Gaps

About 7,000 dignity kits still needed 

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Education

28
schools affected

Needs

28 schools (8 primaries, and 20 secondary) affected. General populations’ access to education compromised as lack of access to school.

At camps, schools damanged and need repaired.

Response

There is a need for establishment of temporary learning spaces, children will be enrolled as the school year has just started.

At Krinding camp, school feeding can resume at 7 schools (2 currently closed due to looting).

Gaps

Need to establish temporary learning spaces (dependent).

Need to repair schools at Krinding camp, 4,500 school age children need to go back to schools surrounding villages. Some of the schools are still being occupied by displaced people

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Situation Report
Visual

Sudan is now a cholera free country

Sudan Declared Cholera Free

On 23 January, the Government of Sudan declared the end of the cholera outbreak in the country. The first case of cholera was reported on 8 September 2019 in Blue Nile State and later spread to Sennar, Khartoum and El Gezira states. During this outbreak, 346 suspected cholera cases were reported, including 11 deaths.

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Situation Report
Feature
Food distributions in Aja and Boulay

aja and boulay

For the first time in a decade, the World Food Programme (WFP) delivered food and nutrition assistance to about 6,000 vulnerable displaced people in Aja and Boulay villages in Central/North Jebel Marra locality of Central Darfur. This came after an exploratory mission by humanitarian agencies, which identified last year major humanitarian needs in the area. Aja is one of the villages in Central/North Jebel Marra locality in Central Darfur which was visited by humanitarian agencies in November 2019 for the first time after the area had been inaccessible for 13 years. An exploratory mission identified major needs for food, nutrition, health and education. The Aja area is under the control of the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA-AW), with reports of conflict between two factions of the SLA-AW, which often results in civilian displacement and related needs. Local community leaders estimate that about 25,000 people live in the Aja area. Upon the findings of the exploratory mission and based on discussion amongst humanitarian partners in Central Darfur, the humanitarian partners deployed Inter-Sector Needs Assessment team to Aja and Boulay. As a result of intense negotiation with SLA/AW, it was agreed to facilitate the participation of technical line ministries staff in the needs assessment teams. The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) of the International Organization of Migration (IOM) also deployed a team register people residing in the two targeted areas. Needs for emergency humanitarian assistance were identified in almost all sectors and the DTM managed to verify 6,000 people in both locations. The sectors of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and non-food items (NFI) are working on identifying implementing partners who can deliver emergency shelter and WASH in kind assistance. In addition, the humanitarian team in Zalingie is working with Health, Education and Nutrition sectors to scale up services in these two areas. Meanwhile, the humanitarian team in Central Darfur is working with governmental authorities (both military and civilian components) and with SLA/AW and other factions to enable humanitarian teams in other areas in Jebel Marra. So far, OCHA managed with partners to set a tentative schedule for exploratory and needs assessment missions to different inaccessible areas up to May. These missions are expected to access more than 100,000 people to identify their humanitarian needs and subsequently deliver the required emergency humanitarian assistances. The humanitarian teams are bracing to complete the planned missions before the raining season, which starts in parts of Central Darfur by around April-May. The rainy season usually prevents teams from accessing these areas for at least three months due to road blockage by flash floods and other physical impediments like rocks falls or washing away of the roads.

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Situation Report
Visual

Locust GIF animation

Locust GIF animation

Locust GIF animation

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Situation Report
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Locust (002)
Locust

Locust GIF animation (Article)

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Situation Report
Trends
07-Historic Trends-Humanitarian-response

Sudan: Trends in humanitarian response and financial requirements, 2015 - 2020

During the past five years, Sudan has seen an overall increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 5.4 million people in 2015 to 9.3 million in 2020. In 2019, 4.3 million people were reached with some form of assistance, against a target of 4.4 million people. The number of people reached was 51 per cent of the 8.5 million of people estimated to be in need. Between 2016 and 2018, the number of people reached in relation to the overall number of people in need remained steady with an annual average of 4.1 million people reached. Since 2015, the level of funding received has remained on average between 50 and 60 per cent of the overall HRP requirements.

The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) is a cost-effective way to support humanitarian action in Sudan. Under the direction of the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC), the SHF aims to support the timely allocation and disbursement of donor resources to the most critical humanitarian needs as defined by the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) or any agreed upon strategy by the HC. The SHF provides funding to international and national non–governmental organizations and UN agencies. The SHF receives voluntary donor contributions and supports humanitarian response year–round. In 2020, financial management of the SHF has moved from UNDP to OCHA Sudan.

For more information on current and historical data on humanitarian funding for Sudan go to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS)

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Situation Report
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Humanitarian Response 2015-2020
People targeted and people reached 2015 - 2020

Gender Equality Programming in the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan

Deep-rooted gender inequality, anchored in cultural norms, persists throughout parts of Sudan and requires the humanitarian system to consider the specific needs of women, men, boys and girls in any intervention. The humanitarian community is working to mitigate gender protection risks, particularly gender-based violence (GBV), and to effectively mainstream and integrate gender equality and the empowerment of women in the overall response.

To ensure gender equality programming among humanitarian partners, particularly for the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), OCHA Sudan carried out a series of training sessions in 2019 on Gender and Age Marker (GAM) for humanitarian partners, which is a tool to increase gender and age responsive programming. In addition, the Resident Coordinator’s Office senior gender adviser and UN Women carried out discussions with sector coordinators at the inter-sector coordination group (ISCG) level for ensuring systematic inclusion of gender considerations across all sectors. Partners will focus on strengthening capacities of all stakeholders to undertake gender analysis and collection of sex and age disaggregated data; empowerment, participation, and engagement of women; protection of the most vulnerable and promoting access to basic services for women, girls and unaccompanied children. In Sudan’s 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan, approximately 53 per cent of Humanitarian Programme Cycle projects applied the GAM. This is an increase from 42 per cent in the 2019 HRP.

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07-This-solar-powered-mini-water-yard--in-Dar-Salalm,-Golo-was-upgraded-by-TGH-from-a-hand-pump- OCHA 20-Jan-2020-400x300
Solar powered mini-water yard that was upgraded from a hand pump by TGH using SHF funds (OCHA, January 2020)

As humanitarian access improves the SHF provides more resources to meet needs in Jebel Mara

Humanitarian access for both people in need and humanitarian actors in Central Darfur’s Jebel Marra area continues to improve. The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) conducted a monitoring mission in the area at the end of January 2020. Road transport between Golo (Central/North Jebel Marra locality) and Nertiti (West Jebel Marra locality) has progressively improved in the last six months allowing for better movement of people and goods between the two areas. Up-to last year, the security situation compelled humanitarians to limit operations within Golo town--accessible areas have expanded by more than five kilometres to the west and south of the town.

In 2019, SHF allocated US$5.8 million to four partners providing food security and livelihoods support (FSL), as well as education, health, nutrition and protection assistance. The catchment area for these projects are 11 villages (Golo, Karon, Ausajin, Kormon, Buray, Yara, Terri, Kilinj, and Kerol) and surrounding smaller villages around the Buray valley.

SHF programming in Golo

In Golo, community leaders, HAC and volunteers expressed satisfaction with the existing projects. They requested additional interventions for rainwater harvesting like the project funded by the USAID Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) which supported the construction of a small dam in Koron village. The rainwater collected in this dam is used for drinking, irrigation purposes and possibly recharges underground water sources. Youth would like income generating activities to assist them build their skills and provide for their families. The community also requested the timely distribution of seeds and other agricultural tools to coincide with the rainy season.

SHF programming in Zalingei

In Zalingei, the community requested more education interventions, especially in Danjok village (31km from Zalingei town). The village has one school with three unequipped and roofless classrooms. In addition, the SHF team visited two schools in Alsholaa and Alsalam areas of Zalingei town. Both schools are in need of rehabilitation and furniture, mainly benches, for the students. In Alsalam, the monitoring team saw a group of 64 first grade pupils sitting under a rakooba (small thatch shelter), with only four benches available. The people at Hasahisa IDP camp—which has an estimated population of 43,390 people—are in need of health and water services. Only four of the 19 hand pumps in the camp are functioning, due to lack of maintenance, according to the community representatives who met the mission team. In addition, the camp needs protection activities.

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Situation Report
Trends
07-WFP-Market-Monitor-January-2020

trends

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