oPt - draft for testing

Situation Report

Highlights

  • July 2019 recorded nearly 20,000 exits of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip via the Israeli-controlled Erez crossing, a four-year high.
  • The increase in electricity supply in the Gaza Strip since October 2018 has improved the delivery of water and sanitation services
  • At least 1,200 people injured in Gaza demonstrations will require limb reconstruction
  • Daily police raids and clashes result in casualties and disruption of daily life in East Jerusalem neighbourhood
som-map-2

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oPt - draft for testing

Situation Report

Key Figures

1.3M
People in need of humanitarian assistance

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Situation Report

Funding

$20M
to respond to urgent needs

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Contacts

Ezekiel Lein

Head of Research

oPt - draft for testing

Situation Report
Background
Issawiya, East Jerusalem
Issawiya, East Jerusalem (foreground), occupied West Bank and Hebrew University (background), 2013. © Photo by OCHA

Situation Overview

The open-ended ceasefire which entered into force on 26 August continues to hold. The scale of damage resulting from the 50-day escalation in hostilities is unprecedented since the beginning of the Israeli occupation in 1967. All governorates in Gaza witnessed extensive aerial bombardment, naval shelling and artillery fire, resulting in the widespread loss of life and livelihoods. Damage to public infrastructure was also unprecedented, leaving hundreds of thousands of people without adequate services, including electricity, clean water and quality healthcare. Data on fatalities and destruction of property is consolidated by the Protection and Shelter clusters based on preliminary information, and is subject to change based on further verification.

The Gaza Power Plant (GPP) remains inoperable following an Israeli airstrike on 29 July and despite extensive repairs, electricity outages of 18 hours a day continue in most areas across Gaza. Extensive damage to the water and wastewater system means that 20 to 30 per cent of households, or 450,000 people, remain unable to access municipal water due to damage and/or low pressure. Following the ceasefire there was a steep decline in the number of internally displaced persons, but figures have gradually risen again in UNRWA shelters, and an estimated 110,000 are still displaced, including with host families. Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) are a major protection concern and pose a risk to those returning to their homes and involved in repair and reconstruction activities.

The majority of the Gaza population has lost its productive assets. According to the Palestinian Federation of Industries, 419 businesses and workshops were damaged, with 128 completely destroyed. With limited activity at the commercial crossings and extensive damage to private infrastructure and other productive assets, business activities were largely paralyzed during the operation. Hostilities forced farmers and herders to abandon their lands, and resulted in substantial direct damage to Gaza's 17,000 hectares of croplands as well as much of its agricultural infrastructure, including greenhouses, irrigation systems, animal farms, fodder stocks and fishing boats. Access to the sea was also prohibited for most of the 50 days of hostilities; restrictions have been restored to the six nautical mile limit, but there have been reports of shooting at, and detaining, fishermen in recent days, reportedly for exceeding this limit.

These losses come on top of an already fragile economy and livelihoods. Around 66 per cent of the population of Gaza was receiving food assistance prior to the crisis and the household food insecurity level or vulnerable to food insecure stood at 72 per cent of households. Unemployment has increased dramatically since mid-2013, following a halt of the illegal tunnel trade with Egypt, soaring from 28 per cent in the third quarter (Q3) of 2013 to 45 per cent in Q2 2014; almost 70 per cent of the youth aged 20-24 were unemployed in Gaza in Q2 2014. It is expected that labour market conditions in Gaza will further deteriorate following the conflict, exacerbating the impact of the blockade and the longstanding access restrictions imposed by Israel which have been preventing any meaningful economic activity.

In addition to shelter solutions, the main priority for humanitarian agencies continues to be the repair and reconstruction and the restoration of essential services to affected communities, which effectively means the entire population of the Gaza Strip. However, this will not be possible without a more permanent agreement that will allow for the entry of the materials needed to re-build homes, schools and hospitals, to repair roads, electricity lines and water and sanitation networks and bring about transformational change in Gaza.

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food Security Sector

$2M
Funding requirements
1000
Person need food assistance

Needs

  1. IDPs are in need of food and other immediate assistance.

  2. The entire population of Gaza has been affected by the conflict and almost all need food and other assistance to recover.

  3. Over 100,000 people whose homes were destroyed or damaged beyond repair will need food and other assistance for a longer term.

  4. The lack of electricity limits the storage capacity for fresh food for both shops and households. Bakeries face challenges with their generators and fuel stock.

  5. WFP requires approximately US$ 63 million for emergency humanitarian response in Gaza for a period of three months, in addition to funds for regular programmes.

  6. Humanitarian access to allow for provision of food and other emergency assistance to the civilian population should be consistently assured

Response

  1. The regular food assistance to more than one million UNRWA and WFP core beneficiaries is ongoing.

  2. In addition, approximately 690,000 out of around 730,000 people have been reached by the one-time exceptional food distribution to affected families who are not receiving regular food assistance implemented by UNRWA, WFP and the Ministry of Social Affairs.

  3. Food assistance for those people who have their houses totally or severely damaged is ongoing.

  4. WFP and partners are working to support the opening of schools with an emergency school meals programme.

  5. WFP, in cooperation with UNRWA, is providing ready-to-eat emergency food rations to IDPs in UNRWA and government shelters on a daily basis.

  6. WFP continues to provide food assistance to IDPs hosted with relatives and to some 2,000 patients and hospital staff.

  7. Between 26 August and 2 September, a total of 30 WFP trucks crossed from Israel into Gaza through Kerem Shalom cargo.

  8. On 27 August and on 2 September, two WFP humanitarian convoys successfully crossed from Egypt into the Gaza Strip through the Rafah crossing, carrying a combined load of 25,000 food parcels, enough to feed approximately 150,000 people for five days.

Gaps

  1. The regular food assistance to more than one million UNRWA and WFP core beneficiaries is ongoing.

  2. In addition, approximately 690,000 out of around 730,000 people have been reached by the one-time exceptional food

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Situation Report
Access
Erez
The crossing is closed for the last 24 hours

Access Restrictions

Erez: Open for movement during normal working hours (08:00-16:00).

Beit Hanoun (Arba-Arba): Operational.

Kerem Shalom: Open as per its regular operating hours (08:00-16:00).

Rafah: Open from 09:00 to 15:00 for Egyptian citizens; conflict injuries; critical medical cases (non-conflict related); foreign residency card holders; those with third country visas; and dual nationals

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Situation Report
Coordination
Shelter is highly needed
1000 internally displaced person in Al Magazi

Key Humanitarian Priorities

  1. Temporary shelter and housing solutions to IDPs: immediate and short term plans to accommodate the tens of thousands of families who were rendered homeless are urgently needed.

  2. Sustained opening of crossings: is vital, alongside the removal of restrictions on the entry of materials for rehabilitation and reconstruction.

  3. Explosive Remnants of War (ERW): rapid clearance of built-up areas and critical facilities, as well as awareness raising campaigns amongst the most vulnerable, are urgently needed.

  4. Additional fuel supply: fuel is needed to operate backup generators at essential facilities, including water, sanitation and health, for longer hours.

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