2019 Marawi Humanitarian Response, Early Recovery and Resources Overview for the Displacement Caused by Conflict in Marawi City
In May 2017, conflict between security forces and armed insurgents in Marawi City in Lanao del Sur displaced at least 360,000 people. The Government of the Philippines led the provision of relief assistance with support also coming from local, national and international humanitarian agencies. The Philippines Humanitarian Country Team and its partners guided by the Government’s Task Force Bangon Marawi provided a coordinated response to the priority humanitarian, protection and early recovery needs of vulnerable people severely affected by the conflict.
While most people have now returned home, upwards of 73,000 may remain in temporary settlements around Marawi City for some years, according to Government estimates. Maintaining the necessary momentum of humanitarian assistance to people who remain displaced by the conflict, and their host communities, is the primary purpose of the strategy outlined in this document, as well as looking to complement the Government-led recovery and rehabilitation programme. In 2019, the Humanitarian Country Team will prioritize assistance to those still displaced in transitional shelters and camps and to support sustainable early recovery under the overall guidance and leadership of Government at the national, provincial and city levels.
The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), has the highest number of people displaced by armed conflict, crime and violence in the Philippines. The majority of the displaced people are from the Marawi conflict. As of October 2018, 73,266 displaced persons are living in evacuation centres, homebased with relatives and in transitional shelter sites waiting to return home to rebuild their lives. However, their homes, businesses and livelihoods in the most affected area of the city were destroyed by the conflict and remnants of bombs and other unexploded ordnance remains a threat. The Government estimates that it will take 3 to 5 years to reconstruct this part of the city, comprising 24 Barangays.
Displaced women, children, elderly and other vulnerable people will continue to require sustained humanitarian assistance including protection in their current locations until they can return home or achieve a secure and sustainable future. In the coming months, the Government plans to relocate the occupants of the remaining evacuation centres to transitory sites in Marawi city with limited basic services. While plans to rebuild road and bridge infrastructure, rehabilitate institutions and economic infrastructure gains momentum, the provision of food, shelter, health, water & sanitation, education and protection services to meet the immediate needs of the displaced remains limited.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development estimates 230,250 people have so far returned to the 72 Barangays in Marawi City that were partially damaged by the conflict. This community also looks to the restoration of their businesses and livelihoods to meet their basic needs, including education and health requirements for their children. Rehabilitation of schools, water systems, health infrastructure and income-earning remains a challenge. The most vulnerable segment of the community –children under five, women, girls, and boys– require to be targeted with programmes and projects to assist them in recovery. Employment of youth in the productive sector, including agriculture, fisheries, and income generating business, as well as in peace-building and counter-extremism programmes is essential.
The Humanitarian Country Team works closely with the Government of the Philippines at the national and Mindanao level to support the priority humanitarian needs of people displaced and affected by the Marawi conflict. It is also coordinating with Regional, Provincial and Local Government agencies to identify opportunities to assist in early recovery efforts. As of October 2018, the food security and agriculture sector had identified a 69 percent food gap impacting the displaced people. Only 6 of the 15 Barangay health stations are functional and lack visiting doctors. Reproductive health and addressing genderbased violence and management remains a challenge. Inadequate clean water supply and sanitation – particularly the desludging of latrines and hygiene promotion – need to be maintained for the displaced people and returnees. Both transitional shelter and relocation sites require to be maintained, particularly those that are tented.
A protection assessment in August 2018, found that about 18,000 displaced people do not have identification card or birth registration documents, including Philippines Health Cards. Displaced people are also not receiving adequate information on their status or when they can return home. Regular and meaningful consultation with displaced communities and provision of information remains an important component of the return and recovery process.
Previous HCT Marawi Conflict Response and Resources Overview documents: