In October 2018, WFP, FAO and UNICEF, in coordination with the National Food Security and Nutrition Council (CONASAN) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, carried out an EFSA.
Results showed that 98,783 subsistence farming households (493,915 people) were affected by the drought, of which 85 per cent depend on agricultural activity. Some 42,000 households (approx. 210,000 people) are food insecure as of January 2019, when their food reserves were projected to be depleted.
Acute malnutrition affects 2.4 per cent of children under the age of five, and 17 per cent of children suffer from chronic malnutrition. This is well above national average of 2.1 per cent and 14 per cent respectively. Single-parent households, a high rate of dependency and limited access to safe drinking water are important and latent determinants of vulnerability.
Commonly used crisis strategies used include reducing health and education expenses, consuming future seed reserves, reducing agricultural and/or livestock expenses, selling their house or leaving the place of residence. Asset depletion will severely hinder the capacity of affected households to rebound after the crisis.