Close to 3.9 million people expected to be food insecure in Chad during the next lean season
The official report from the Harmonized Framework (“Cadre Harmonisé”) highlights that despite good harvests during the 2018/2019 agricultural season (cereal production has increased by 11,2% compared to last year and by 12,6% compared to the last five-year average), close to 3.4 million people will suffer from food insecurity and malnutrition during the next lean season (June-August 2019), including 640,874 suffering from severe food insecurity (in crisis and emergency phases). An additional 459,242 refugees and 81,300 Chadian returnees must also be taken into account, bringing the total up to close to 4 million people facing food insecurity.
The southern provinces, however, saw a 4 % decrease in their cereal production compared to last year (5% decrease compared to five-year average) – in particular rice production. According to the food security cluster it is important to anticipate and extend support to areas that are currently in phases 3 to 5 and those that will be in these phases during the lean season. Food assistance is also recommended for all affected persons during the lean season and malnutrition interventions must continue. In particular, the report indicates that the prevalence of MAG has reached 17,8% in Borkou province, and 11,6% in Kanem, both above the WHO 10% alert threshold.
Seven provinces are also expected to face high malnutrition rates during the upcoming lean season, especially in the Sahel and Sahara belts. Given the availability of food on the markets, with the exception of the northern part of the country – where the closure of the border with Libya has decreased food availability and led to increased prices -, the cluster recommends using a cash-based transfer approach to support livelihoods and communities.
(Sources: Official Harmonized Framework report from March 2019, Food Security Cluster)